Browse into Halabja dialect was backed by a letter

Browse into Halabja dialect was backed by a letter

c) Brand new east Jewish dialects show numerous has actually: best worry (1), transform off [Theta] to at least one (4), reinterpretation off verb classification since shape (5), and you can reflexive pronouns according to nos- (17). Speaking of areal has and this span might separate ranging from Halabja with the one-hand and you may Koy Sanjaq and you can Azerbaijan to your other. This isn’t clear in which dialect all of them originates, but they are likely borrowed in one towards anybody else and never passed on in accordance.

These types of about three significant clusters out-of isoglosses represent simply a little area of facts and that is delivered to happen toward taxonomy of your own NENA languages. Hoberman (1988, 573), having fun with research from pronouns, shows the presence of a north Iraqi dialect category (here illustrated by Zakho, Tisqopa, and you can Aradhin) and that can not be seen according to the limited data displayed right here. All it takes now is each other fuller descriptions of dialects currently recorded, so that more common and distinguishing characteristics is available, and also have field-work to number the numerous languages which can be for the verge off extinction.

step one Thanks are due to people who shared data and you will information, such Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you may Jo Rubba. E.H. june stipend.

Such as for instance, f and you will g have been retained for the words such as for instance etrog ‘citron’ and sefer ‘scroll of your own law’, in which regarding the handed down Aramaic code f will have become p and you will g could have gone away

step 3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) says the sound system out of Jewish Azerbaiaic out-of Kurdish. The woman number one facts for it ‘s the enunciation regarding Hebrew loan-terms and conditions contained in this dialect. Hebrew loanwords within the Jewish Azerbaijani retain specific music that happen to be deleted otherwise merged with others about well-known Neo-Aramaic language. Garbell claims these particular retentions establish these particular Hebrew terms and conditions was lent to begin with when you look at the Kurdish, and therefore several Kurdish speakers after moved on so you can Neo-Aramaic. It seems apt to be that Hebrew points on dialect don’t participate in the fresh voice alterations in concern on account of the unique spiritual register to which it belong. They might have even altered after which been recovered to the basis of your antique enunciation off neighboring teams.

cuatro A raised + implies that the next word are pronounced on suprasegmental element ’emphasis’ that’s found to some extent in all NENA languages. Phonetically, importance is cutting-edge, however, their number 1 part is actually velarization, and is also tend to brought on by the existence of the latest emphatic consonants t and you will s.

seven About dialect away from Tyari [Theta] tend to becomes s. So it dialect, that has been verbal just before 1915 in a neighbor hood off Hakkari, isn’t chatted about here just like the material on it is actually decreased.

8 This is simply not obvious whether this type can be found into the the fresh new Halabja dialect. My personal informants from there knew they, but told you it absolutely was significantly more trait of your own surrounding town of Suleimaniya. Whatever the case, it’s unknown throughout the dialect of one’s Jews from Sanandaj.

nine Robert Hoberman means for me that the NENA versions may have came from an enthusiastic unattested metathesized age[Theta]peel ezdi.

Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. For the Bono Homini Donum: Essays from inside the Historical Linguistics in Memories out-of J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you will Allan R. Bomhard. Amsterdam Studies on the Concept and you may Reputation for Linguistic Technology, series IV. Latest Points in Linguistic Principle sixteen. Region II, 613-forty two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

An inquiry to your Creation of the Center Aramaic Languages

Garbell, Irene. 1964. Flat Words and Syllables for the Jewish Eastern New Aramaic out-of Persian Azerbaijan in addition to Continguous Areas (A dilemma of Multilingualism). During the Knowledge within the Egyptology and you may Linguistics in honor of H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Mining People.

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